Orthopedics is the study of the musculoskeletal system, which includes the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves.
Orthopedic treatment can be non-invasive or surgical. Non-invasive orthopedic treatments include physiotherapy, chiropractic, occupational therapy, podiatry, and kinesiology. More severe injuries that require surgical intervention are treated by orthopedic surgeons.
Orthopedic surgeons commonly perform the following surgeries:
- Hand surgery
- Shoulder and elbow surgery
- Total joint reconstruction (arthroplasty)
- Pediatric orthopedics
- Foot and ankle surgery
- Spine surgery
- Musculoskeletal oncology
- Surgical sports medicine
- Orthopedic trauma